|Digest Milk With Lactase Enzyme|
Lactose is a sugar molecule composed of two sugar units, glucose and galactose. This sugar is commonly found in milk and should be broken down to simpler sugar units in order to be absorbed in the cell’s surface with the help of an enzyme called lactase. However, there are people who were unable to absorb lactose due to the absence of lactase enzyme. This enzyme is the one responsible to split up the lactose molecule to glucose and galactose sugars units.
The following reasons are mostly the cause of the absence of lactase in the GIT cells.
1. Disease. Celiac sprue is a condition that destroys lactase enzymes present in the intestinal lining when the immunologic reaction occurs due to undigested food allergy in the colon.
2. Gene mutation. This is a congenital disease where the gene responsible for producing lactase has mutated and can no longer produce lactase enzyme to help the digestion of lactose sugar.
3. Decrease amount of lactase. This happens during childhood and may continue to the adult stage. This condition is known as hypolactasia. Due to the absence of lactase in the stomach lining, this may lead to some conditions, such as nausea, intestinal cramps, diarrhea, gas pain and most especially stomach bloating.
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